- chapter 5: MODAL VERBS: SHOULD (GIVING ADVICE)
- Chapter 5: COMPARATIVE EXPRESSIONS WITH POSSESIVE PRONOUNS
- ADJECTIVES WITH NEGATIVE PREFIXES
- CHAPTER 7: ASKING FOR AND GIVING DIRECTIONS
- Chapter 8: AGENT NOUNS AND ADVERBS
- TYPES OF ADVERBS
- CHAPTER 8: IF CLAUSES FOR PRESENT REAL CONDITIONS
- CHAPTER 9: PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE, REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS AND WHILE CLAUSES
- CHAPTER 10: COULD AND BE ABLE TO. HAVE GOT TO
- CHAPTER 11: MUST MUST VS. SHOULD MUST VS. DON'T HAVE TO
- CHAPTER 12: FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
- CHAPTER 13: SOME/ANY (AND PRONOUN REVIEW - VERB TENSE REVIEW)
Sunday, February 23, 2020
MY DEAR LEVEL 2 STUDENTS: Hi! this blog is an additional tool to learn effectively and encourages the student to learn as much as he wants about a certain topic, and not only what is taught in the book. IMPORTANT: this blog is not meant to be the class on line, it only highlights and enhances what is taught by your teacher in class. You´re welcome to write any comments and suggestions, and of course, to take as much advantage of this blog as you can.
Thursday, January 24, 2013
Thursday, August 4, 2011
COUNT AND NON-COUNT NOUNS (Student´s book p.12)
- Count nouns are the ones you can count. Count nouns have a singular and a plural form.
She has five oranges.
- Non-count nouns are the ones you can´t count. Non-count nouns have only one (singular) form.
The flour is on the counter.
Workbook p.p. 12-13
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USE OF ANY (page 13 student´s book)
The word ANY is used in negative statements and questions only, with non-count nouns and plural count nouns.
Is there any meat in the refrigerator?
No, there isn´t any meat in the refrigerator
Are there any potatoes in the cabinet?
No, there aren´t any potatoes in the cabinet.
- Let´s make some pizza for dinner!
- Sorry, we can´t. There isn´t any cheese.
MUCH/ A LITTLE MANY/A FEWCount and non-count nouns take different determiners.
- The determiners much and a little are used with non-count nouns.
- Just a little (sugar)
- How much milk do you want (with your coffee)?
- Not too much, just a little.
- The determiners many and a few are used with count nouns.
- Just a few (meatballs).
- How many cookies do you want?
- Not too many, just a few.
Workbook: p.p. 16-17
HOW MANY? / HOW MUCH? GAME
Of the nouns written below, ask the proper question:
french fries butter
orange juice rice
- Name three breakfast foods.
- Name three luch foods.
- Name three dinner foods.
- Name three dessert foods.
What food can you make with flour, tomatoes and cheese?
What food can you make with meat, bread, ketchup and mustard?
HOW DO I KNOW IF IT´S COUNTABLE OR UNCOUNTABLE?
The non-coun nouns are also called uncountable or mass nouns.
What nouns are uncountable?
- Materials: wood, cotton, linen, silk, steel etc. - Luggage
- Advice - Travel
- Hair - Weather
- Knowledge - Information
- Spaguetti - Machinery
- English (language) - Furniture
- Health - Intelligence
- Education - Clothing
- Soap - Air
- Literature - Water
English is easy. That was very much information.
You have too much luggage. That furniture is expensive!
Your advice was very useful. This machinery is very modern.
More information about count and non-count nouns:
WANT TO DO SOME EXERCISES WITH COUNT AND NON-COUNT NOUNS?
NOW THE GAME!!
YOU HAVE TO KILL ALL THE COUNT NOUNS! BULLETS LIMITED, TIME LIMITED...READY? KIL 'EM ALL!
Wednesday, August 3, 2011
INTRODUCTION OF PARTITIVES (SB: p.20)
a bag of a jar of
a bottle of a loaf of (two loaves of)
a bunch of a pint of
a box of a pound (lb) of
a can of a half pound of / half a pound of
a gallon of a quart of
a head of a dozen
- Non-count nouns can't be counted, but they may be measured. Partitives measure specific quantities of non-count nouns. Partitives can be counted.
two heads of lettuce
a can of soup
two cans of soup
- Partitives can measure by weight or size.
a gallon of milk.
a quart of orange juice.
a pint of ice cream.
- Partitives can measure by describing the container.
a bag of flour
a can of soup
a jar of jam
a bottle of ketchup
- Partitives can measure by describing the shape.
a head of lettuce
a loaf of bread
- More partitives:
a cup of an order of
a dish of a piece of
Examples: A bowl of strawberries
a cup of coffee
a dish of salad
a glass of water
an order of bacon
a piece of apple pie
- English measurements are different from the metric system:
1 pint = 0.475 liters
1 quart (2 pints) = 0.95 liters
1 gallon (4 quarts) = 3.8 liters
WB: p.p. 21-23
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HOW MUCH DOES A HEAD OF LETTUCE COST?
DOLLARS AND CENTS (SB p.21)
- Cent prices are written in two ways: with a cent sign (c) or with a dollar sign ($) and a decimal point.
75 c = $0.75
- There are two ways of expressing prices: formal and informal.
(informal) a dollar twenty-five
$10.50 = (formal) ten dollars and fifty cents
(informal) ten fifty
WB: p. 24
WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE? (p.23 SB)
What would you like to eat/ drink/order?
- The imperative is the base form of the verb, with you as the understood subject. The imperative is used to give introductions.
Add a little salt.
LET'S MAKE A RECIPE!
1.- A quart/cold water 2.- 5 eggs pepper
Lemon Juice milk butter
Sugar salt cheese
3.- Lettuce 4.- hot milk
5.- butter 6.- butter
baking powder carrots
Saturday, February 26, 2011
Friday, February 25, 2011
FUTURE TENSE WITH WILL
- The simple future tense is used to make predictions for the future.
- Affirmative sentence
+ WILL + + ______________
Ex: I will arrive. I'll arrive.
He will arrive. He'll arrive.
She will arrive. She'll arrive.
It will arrive. It'll arrive.
We will arrive. We'll arrive.
- Negative Sentence
+ WILL + NOT + + ___________________
I will not arrive. I won't arrive.
He will not arrive. He won't arrive.
She will not arrive. She won't arrive.
It will not arrive. It won't arrive.
We will not arrive. We won't arrive.
WILL + + + ____________ ?
TIME EXPRESSIONS (p. 30 SB/ p. 30 WB)
MIGHT (SB p. 33 Wb p. 34)
- The modal might is used to describe possibility in the present and future.
I don't know. I might clean it today or I might clean it next Saturday.
- The modal might is an auxiliary verb that combines with the base form of the verb. It doesn't contract with subject pronouns.
she might arrive
want to know more about modals? follow this link:
WARNINGS AND SAFETY RULES GAME
- Take turns and choose a possible answer for each warning, use the modal might.
Take your umbrella! bite
Don't touch that dog! get a shock
Don´t play your music too loud! get hit
Don´t eat that! need money
Don't pick up that box! get sick
Take ten dollars more! rain
Don't touch that wire! get angry
Study every night! hurt your back
Don't ride your bicycle in traffic! have a quiz
- Look at these warning signs and create your own dialogs structuring both, the warning and the possible answer (don't forget to use might for your answer!)
Thursday, February 24, 2011
COMPARATIVES WITH -ER
- To form the comparative, -er is added to one-syllable adjectives.
small - smaller
- For one-syllable adjectives that end in -e, only -r is added.
safe - safer
- For one-syllable adjectives that end with a single consonant preceeded by a single vowel, the final consonant is doubled, and -er is added.
hot - hotter
- For two syllable adjectives that end in -y preceeded by a consonant, the -y changes to i and -er is added.
pretty - prettier
REFER TO: SB: p.40 WB: p. 40
COMPARATIVES WITH MORE
- The comparative of adjectives that have three or more syllables is formed by placing MORE before the adjective.
delicious - more delicious
- The comparatives of two-syllable adjectives that don´t end in -y are less predictable. Some are formed with more, and some are formed with -er
simple - simpler
quiet - quieter
REFER TO: SB: p. 41 WB: p.p. 41-42
- When comparing two items, the comaparive is used with THAN.
English is more useful than Latin.
SOME EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULE
bad - worse - the worst
good - better - the best
far - farther (further) - the farthest
little - less - the least
Want to test what you´ve learned about comparatives? click here:
Wednesday, February 23, 2011
Tuesday, February 22, 2011
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SUPERLATIVES WITH -EST
SUPERLATIVES WITH -EST
- The superlative of one-syllable adjectives is formed by adding -est.
- For one-syllable adjectives that end in -e, only -st is added.
- For one-syllable adjectives that end with a single consonant preceeded by a single vowel, the final consonant is doubled.
- For two-syllable adjectives that end in -y preceeded by a consonant, -y changes to -i.
REFER TO: SB P.50 WB p.51
SUPERLATIVES WITH MOST
- The superlative of adjectives that have three or more syllables is formed by placing the most before the adjective.
- The superlative of two-syllable adjectives that don´t end in -y are less predictable. Some are formed with most, and some are formed with -est.
honest - the most honest
simple - the simplest
quiet - the quietest
REFER TO: SB p.51 WB p.p. 52-54
Want to know more about superlatives? click here: